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World immunization week

Department of Internal Medicine and Wellness

Adult Immunisation- What should I know about Influenza vaccination

Vaccination is the most cost effective strategy in public health today. It not only protects the individual from contracting a particular disease, which may be community acquired; but it also protects the community from the spread of the infection. 

The most famous example known to the world is small pox. And more recently, in India, polio. 

WHY ADULTS?

Although adults are less prone to develop the traditional infectious diseases, owing to better immunity compared to children, owing to globalisation and increasing travel oppurtunities, the world has become a smaller place. Hence, the risk and incidence of exposure to various agents are increased many fold. 

 So, as we celebrate the Adult Immunisation Week, let us focus on a few vaccines which should be routinely taken by adults. 

 INFLUENZA VACCINE 

Influenza is commonly known as flu and is caused by influenza type A and type B viruses. 

WHO SHOULD TAKE INFLUENZA VACCINE?

  • Persons with chronic medical illness like chronic kidney disease, asthma, chronic lung disease, immunocompromised individuals 
  • Pregnant women
  • Adults > 65years of age 

WHEN TO TAKE?

  • Annually (Every year), 0.5 ml of the vaccine to be taken as an injection intra dermally (into the skin) or intra muscularly (into the muscle)

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